The situation of Machu Picchu, perched on a hilltop enclosed by a 400-meter cliff in a meander of the River Urubamba, could not be better chosen. Man and Nature have managed integration perfect in this work of the Inca people to the harmonious construction which makes it one of the most extraordinary architectural and archaeological monuments in the world.
Machu Picchu was known as "The lost city of Incas" by its scientific discoverer Hiram Bingham in 1911. Indeed, since the arrival of the Spaniards in South America to the XVI th century, the Citadel had been totally forgotten. In 1983, Machu Picchu was devoted to the World heritage of UNESCO, and in July 2007, it was declared one of the 7 Wonders of the world.
Machu Picchu is bathed in a mystery that archaeologists have not lighten up to now. The most likely hypothesis is that Machu Picchu was the religious capital of the Incas in the 15th century. Else say that this citadel had a protective role of Cuzco against invasion from the East and the Amazonian areas. The discovery of a great many skeletons of women suggest that this place was also reserved for selected women, the Virgin serve the Inca and the Sun God.
Even today the visitor remains fascinated before the perfection and beauty of constructions of stone perfectly fitting between them, using natural barriers on the site. Magnificent terraces ensure the stability of the entire site and allow a fertile farming. Temples dedicated to the Sun and other deities, such as the Moon or the Condor are perfectly located shares and a large Central Plaza, as well as housing quarters. On height, at the heart of the site, lies the solar clock which enabled the incas set seasons and plan the celebrations in honour of the Sun God and agriculture. Aqueducts and channels drove water, sacred element across the entire site, testimony to the wisdom and technical mastery of the Incas.
Machu Picchu Tours
The location of Machu Picchu, in the middle of the canyon of the Urubamba River, couldn’t have been chosen better. You can clearly see that Machu Picchu is a construction designed precisely to fit...Read more
When visiting Machu Picchu, the best option is to overnight in Aguas Calientes so that you will have enough time to enjoy the beautiful scenery of the sanctuary of Machu Picchu. You can visit the vi...Read more
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