The city is located at the banks of the Moche River, near its mouth at the Pacific Ocean, in a valley of great cultural hegemony. While it may be conceived as a single city, Trujillo is not a single administrative unit; rather, it is the core or centre of a major metropolitan area that covers an area of 110,000 ha, and consists of nine municipalities in the province, of which five are completely metropolitan area, while the remaining four are partially. The metropolitan area has a population of more than 804,000 inhabitants, the third most popular of Peru. The founding dates for the city differ. One account credits the Spanish conquistador Diego de Almagro with founding it on December 6, 1534 and calling it Nova Castile Trujillo. The area had been inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous peoples. Its founding is also attributed to the Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro on March 5, 1535, the date when it was established within the Viceroyalty of Peru. It is said, that Pizarro thought so high about this area, that he named it after his birthplace in Spain’s Estremadura. For its role in the fight for independence, Trujillo was honoured with the title "Meritorious City and Faithful to the Fatherland", the birthplace of Peru's judiciary. In 1820 Trujillo was the first city to declare independence from Spain. Trujillo’s historic centre is worth a visit! The colonial mansions and churches, most located close to Plaza de Armas, and the beautiful wrought-iron fronting give Trujillo the unique tough. The main square hosts beside a huge statue, dedicated to work, the arts and liberty also the cathedral with its basilica and museum. You can visit several more churches – take your time to explore the colonial-style centre of Trujillo!